Baking powder - composition and application in the kitchen

Baking powder composition and usage in the kitchen

What is baking powder?

Baking powder is a well-known tool in the kitchen that helps us increase the volume and lighten the texture of baked goods. It is a dry lifting agent made from a mixture of carbonate or bicarbonate, weak acid and filler. When mixed with liquid, baking powder creates an acid-base reaction, which releases carbon dioxide gas into the dough or dough.

This causes bubbles, causing the wet mixture to expand and rise. It is used instead of yeast for finished products where fermentation flavors would be undesirable where the dough does not have an elastic structure to retain gas bubbles for more than a few minutes and to speed up the production of baked goods. The introduction of baking powder was revolutionary in reducing the time and labor required to make bread. This has led to the creation of new types of cakes, cookies, biscuits and other bakery products. Today, this powder has become one of the indispensable foods that every kitchen today has, and we could not imagine a world without this powder.

What does baking powder consist of?

Baking powder is a chemical agent that allows you to quickly and easily rise any dough and it is widely used for bread and cake. You can easily find it to buy in any grocery store, and it is very cheap and has a long shelf life. The powder consists of only three main ingredients, which are acid, base and buffer ingredient.

Baking powder composition and usage in the kitchen
Baking powder composition and usage in the kitchen (source: Pinterest)

It is made by combining these three ingredients in certain proportions and then the finished powder is packaged and finally put up for sale. Baking powder contains baking soda and acid, and as long as the powder stays dry, the two ingredients remain separate. But after the liquid is added to the powder, the acidic and alkaline ingredients combine and they produce carbon dioxide. Although the powder is a universal ingredient for many recipes, and you think that each powder is the same, different brands of baking powder use different formulas and do not contain all the same acid in them.

What is baking powder used for?

Baking powder It is used as a means of raising pastries, and is the main ingredient for bread and cake. It can also be used as a cleaning agent for household items. If it expires, it just means that the lifting agent will not work well, but you can still use it as baking soda. There are single and double acting baking powders. Most commercial powders have a double action, as they release some of their gas as soon as the wet ingredients and dry ones combine, and then the heat of the oven or grill triggers the release of even more gas.

Baking powder should be stored in a closed container in a dark, dry place like a pantry. Pay attention to the expiration date. Once the baking powder has expired, you can use it as baking soda. You can easily test if your baking powder is still active and usable for baking. Pour 1/2 teaspoon of baking powder into the cup and add 1/3 cup of boiling water. If the mixture foams intensely, the powder is still good. If there are no intense bubbles, the baking powder has expired.

source: wiki

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