Gestational diabetes - symptoms, treatment, cause

Gestational diabetes – symptoms, treatment, cause


What is gestational diabetes?

Gestational diabetes we can describe it as a form of diabetes, or diabetes that is actually first diagnosed in pregnant women. According to most research, it occurs in 18% of pregnancies, which means that roughly every fifth pregnant woman needs increased monitoring around pregnancy. If a pregnant woman has never encountered diabetes it does not mean that it will not occur, so certain tests are recommended.

At the beginning of each pregnancy, gynecologists perform routine blood tests, and blood glucose tests are performed, which are the first indicator if gestational diabetes exists. Testing is mandatory from the 24th to the 28th week of pregnancy when a glucose load test is performed, the recommendation of health organizations is that doctors routinely perform a test for this disease.

Anyone can get this diabetes, it doesn’t matter if the person is pregnant and pregnant. Research states that some ethnic groups are more often vulnerable than others, for example, a higher frequency of this diagnosis occurs in African Americans, Hispanics, Indians. Today, however, the term is most often associated with pregnant women.

Gestational diabetes - symptoms, treatment, cause


Gestational diabetes symptoms

The symptoms of both gestational and manifest diabetes are difficult to recognize. Most of the symptoms of gestational diabetes are similar to those of a normal pregnancy. It is important to pay attention to the following items: Fatigue, although it is a normal part of any pregnancy due to insomnia and frequent heartburn, if a pregnant woman in the second trimester still feels increased fatigue then she must consult her gynecologist.

Constant thirst, the body collects extra sugar and the kidneys themselves work harder. The kidneys are responsible for filtering sugar in the body, so there will be an increased desire for fluid to make up for lost. Frequent urination, we have stated that the kidneys work a little more intensely due to elevated sugar in the body, a lot of fluids will require more frequent visits to the toilet.

Gestational diabetes can also be a symptom-free condition, which is why many doctors recommend that pregnant women have certain tests done as soon as possible. Gestational diabetes it is possible to treat but it is important to diagnose it early and on time. Early detection of this disease can prevent the further development of complications in pregnancy that can harm both mother and child.

How to treat gestational diabetes?

Symptoms are often not detected unless you talk to your doctor or gynecologist. The treatment itself is carried out with increased monitoring of pregnancy and regular monitoring of blood glucose. In order to gestational diabetes Successfully treated it is necessary to change life habits with proper nutrition and diet that is done for the disease. Regular weight control is also necessary, so pregnant women should not gain more than 12 pounds throughout pregnancy.

Mild and regular exercise is advised. Medications are the end point of treatment. Gestational diabetes can also lead to certain complications in pregnancy, the most common being premature birth, which brings with it a number of other complications. How do you know if a pregnant woman has a predisposition to develop this disease? If someone on her part of the family is threatening or has diabetes then it is important to point this out to the gynecologist at the general checkups.

It is important to establish in time that the future mother has opportunities to develop gestational diabetes in order to start treatment on time. And while the disease is quite tricky and difficult to recognize because it hides well in pregnancy symptoms, pregnant women are advised to talk to their gynecologist and doctor about how they feel in order to know how to recognize some early signs.

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source: mayoclinic

Gestational Diabetes – Overview, signs and symptoms, pathophysiology, diagnosis, treatment

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