Gout - symptoms and diet

Gout – symptoms and diet

What is gout and what causes it

The human body produces uric acid in the process of dissolving purine compounds found in food and drink. In a healthy human body, this acid will pass through the kidneys and be excreted through the body in the urine. Gout occurs when there is an elevated level of uric acid in the body that has accumulated. When this happens, crystals are formed that are pointed in shape and collect in the limbs. This can lead to inflammation and arthritis in the joints, but most people with elevated uric acid levels will not develop gout. Some life habits or circumstances can affect the onset of gout.

Situations that lead to the occurrence of this disease are high levels of uric acid, family history of the disease, aging, consumption of alcohol or beverages that have high levels of saturated fructose corn syrup, foods that have high levels of the purine ingredient. Being overweight or obese can also cause it gout, high blood pressure, chronic kidney disease, but also some types of medications. In order to prevent the development of gout, you should change your life habits and start treatment on time.

What are gout symptoms

Gout is a type of arthritis that causes pain and swelling in the limbs, when the pain appears it lasts for a week to two weeks and then passes. It most often appears in the big toe or on the lower extremities. The most common symptoms of gout are pain that starts in these places. Gout it can appear suddenly at night and can wake you up in severe pain. Your limbs can be swollen, wooden, warm or stiff.

It occurs in one of the limbs most often and can be triggered by certain foods, alcohol, physical trauma, certain medications, a certain health condition or illness. The onset of gout and the pain it causes can go away in a couple of weeks and then that pain disappears until the next onset of symptoms.

Some people may feel it often while some may not show it for years. Over time, if this type of arthritis is untreated and if neglected, the pain can occur more often and can last much longer. People who have this type of arthritis are more likely to develop other disorders and diseases especially on the heart or kidneys.

Adapted diet for gout

With early diagnosis and changing life habits on time, gout is one of the easiest forms of arthritis to treat and control. Treatment applied to people with gout can be individual. The goal of gout treatment is to reduce the pain that occurs, prevent future pain, and prevent joint damage, and treat all other conditions and diseases that have occurred due to gout.

Your doctor will recommend that you take medication to prevent gout and the changes you need to make in your lifestyle and diet. If you have gout you should lose your weight especially if you are overweight.

It is necessary to drink less alcohol, even non-alcoholic beer, avoid red meat and animal internal organs, seafood, shellfish and fish, especially anchovies and sardines, shrimp and lobster. You need to consume lots of vegetables, fruits and whole grains, low-fat products, oils, low-fat dairy products, poultry. Also, avoid foods and drinks with saturated fats and refined sugar.

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source: mayoclinic

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