Symbols of chemical elements

Symbols of chemical elements


What are the symbols of chemical elements?

Everything around us is made up of the smallest atoms. We find atoms in nature, the things that surround us, absolutely everything. Atoms themselves differ in their size, structure and complexity, atoms can belong to the same species, but they still differ. In order to get order in all this diversity around the elements, scientists have come up with what we now call symbols of chemical elements.

Chemical elements is the term we use today to denote the constant bond that an atom has with the same number of protons, more precisely with a constant charge of the nucleus. We meet the system of elements in the chemistry class where we get acquainted with the chemical elements in the table known as the Periodic Table of the Elements. What is the Periodic Table of the Elements?

It is a tabular order of all chemical elements, it describes their atomic structure as well as the similarity of their physical and chemical properties. Using the table above, we learn what they are symbols of chemical elements what they are made of and how we can share them. In the given table, each element has its own box in which all the information related to it is located.

Symbols of chemical elements
Symbols of chemical elements (source: Pinterest)


Symbols of chemical elements and the periodic table of elements

The idea that there are permanent and unchanging chemical elements emerged from Robert Boyle in 1668. In his works and later in the book, he writes that he considers only the properties of 15 elements, talks about how there are new chemical elements, but scientists have not yet discovered them. After him Antoine Lavoisier creates and publishes a list of 35 chemical elements.

The list states that not all elements are indivisible, thus launching a search process that included only the most eminent scientists from across Europe. The task of the research was to identify permanent atomic compounds and to find a possible systematization of the already mentioned chemical elements. Then Dmitry Ivanovich Mendeleev thinks about how there is a possible connection between the atomic mass of elements and their order, more precisely the arrangement.

In 1869, a Russian scientist presented his idea to the Chemical Society, but unfortunately failed to show clearly what it was all about. There is a legend in the scientific community that the mentioned Russian scientist spent three days just thinking and working on creating a table, when he finally knelt down from fatigue in his dreams he saw how symbols of chemical elements arranged in a table according to their atomic mass.

While the legend may not sound interesting, it is why Mendeleev worked for more than 20 years to realize his dream of arranging the symbols of chemical elements in the table we know today as the system of elements. The system of elements, more precisely the table showing them, continued to expand with the discovery of new elements and compounds.

Symbols of chemical elements and the discovery of new elements

After the Russian scientist recognized his discovery, he continued to work on it, more precisely, new discoveries followed. In 1900, inert gases were added to the system, which had low chemical activity and did not react with other elements, more precisely zero elements. Extensive research and research related to new and stable compounds of atoms has resulted in a list of 117 chemical elements, but it is important to emphasize that their origin is different.

94 of them were found in the natural environment, the other 23 were discovered during the study of nuclear reactions. Where are you? symbols of chemical elements? Most of them are artificial, more precisely they decompose quickly into simpler compounds and as such are considered unstable chemical elements and therefore are not present in the table, more precisely the relative atomic mass is not shown but only the fat number.

Symbols of chemical elements teach us that each chemical element has its own unique name, the name itself consisting of one or more Latin names. Today, in all countries of the world, unique rules have been adopted as well as the symbols used to describe the elements, and as such each element has its place and the serial number under which it is located in the table.

118 elements with symbols and valencies

118 elements with symbols and valencies pdf
118 elements with symbols and valencies (source: sciencenotes)


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source: WIKI

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Chemistry Tutorial: Chemical Elements (1-2) (Video)