Why is knee pain an increasingly common problem?
We know that the knee joint is one of the most important and also the largest joints in our body. The role of the knee joints is to provide us with stabilization when walking, running, jumping and any other activity. The knees are certainly the most important joints in our daily lives. Knee pain is a common occurrence today that affects everyone regardless of age group. Knee pain itself can be the result of some injury or trauma like a cracked ligament or damaged cartilage, various medical conditions that include arthritis, infections or being overweight.
And while many types of pain can be treated at home, there are also those that require physical therapy or surgery. The location and severity of knee pain can vary, depending on the cause of the problem. Signs and symptoms that can accompany the pain in the knee can be: Swelling and stiffness of the joint, redness and heat to the touch, weakness and instability, sound and squeaking in the joint, inability to fully straighten the knee. There are many causes for this type of pain.
Knee pain causes
Knee pain can have a number of causes. Here, it is extremely important to make the right diagnosis based on symptoms and tests so that adequate therapy can be applied to eliminate the pain. Sedentary jobs as well as prolonged sitting, keeping the legs in bad positions, excess weight, various sports stresses as well as excessive knee rotations are the most common factors why knee pain occurs. Likewise, knee pain can also occur as a result of certain injuries to the joint structures on the ligaments, meniscus or cartilage.
Such injuries if not treated in time can worsen and also worsen with their spread of the surrounding knee structure. If knee pain does not pass, then it is possible that the following causes: Arthritis, bursitis or inflammation of the mucous membrane, rupture of the meniscus, tendinitis or inflammation of the tendons of the muscles, rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament, chondromalacia patella, Baker’s cyst, iliotibial syndrome, gout. With this type of knee pain, it is important not to delay the examination by an orthopedist, who can determine what it is with a simple routine examination.
Knee pain diagnosis and treatment
After making an appointment with an orthopedist, you can expect further diagnosis. The diagnosis itself is made with the help of magnetic resonance imaging which will show a picture of the knee and what is happening inside. Once the type and size of the injury itself is determined, a decision on further treatment is made to successfully prevent knee pain. First-degree injuries can often be treated with rest, ice, compression, and limb lifting. Also, such minor injuries can be treated by immobilizing the knee to 20 degrees, wearing an orthosis. More severe third-degree injuries or severe second-degree sprains, however, require arthroscopic surgery.
Knee pain it can also be solved with the help of various exercises, hydrotherapy, physical therapy or cycling with an elevated seat so that the leg can be fully extended. When increased swelling of the joint occurs, then lymphatic drainage is needed, which will reduce swelling, as well as pressure and pain. Electric, shock wave and magnet therapy can still be used for treatment. Is it possible to prevent knee pain? Of course. Lose weight if you are overweight, stay fit, strengthen your muscles and be flexible. Strengthening the knee muscles that support the knees themselves is the best decision you can make.
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