Sore throat - symptoms and treatment

Sore throat – symptoms, causes and treatment

Sore throat causes

Laryngitis or pharynx can manifest in various forms, so it can be angina, pharyngitis or tonsillopharyngitis. All of these forms are names for acute inflammatory throat syndromes that can be caused by an infection or irritation caused by viruses or bacteria. Sore throat in most cases is caused by viruses, in as many as two thirds of cases – adenoviruses, rhinoviruses, influenza viruses, while in some more extreme cases it is Epstein-Barr virus, herpes or even HIV. Other causes are largely bacteria, and the most common bacterium that causes sore throats is Streptococcus pyogenes.

There are even some non-infectious agents, but they are present in the smallest number, and they are allergies, some toxins and even certain tumors. Sore throats can happen to anyone, but there are certain factors that make us more susceptible to them. Thus, age is a big factor, so children most often suffer from sore throat, especially those of kindergarten and school age.

Sore throat symptoms

Sore throat has some recognizable symptoms that are divided into general and local symptoms. General symptoms include a sudden jump in body temperature accompanied by shivering, malaise, and a general feeling of weakness, followed by headaches and ubiquitous muscle pain. Local symptoms are sore throat and the appearance of pain when swallowing, which often spreads to the ear area.

Sore throat - symptoms, causes and treatment
Sore throat (source: Pinterest)


In addition to pain when swallowing, you can see changes in the throat – redness and the like, and in people who have tonsils you can see changes in them in the form of white dots if it is angina. Enlarged lymph nodes in the neck area and near the ears can also be reliable symptoms. Laryngitis it can be transmitted in direct contact with a sick person by kissing or shaking hands with a sick person, if you inhale an aerosol made by coughing and sneezing, or by indirect contact by touching things the sick person uses such as cutlery and drinks and similar objects.

Sore throat treatment

Sore throat usually lasts for a short time and recedes in a period of 5 to 7 days. As in most cases it is caused by viruses, it is most often treated symptomatically. Symptomatic treatment, as the name suggests, cures the symptoms, not the cause itself, that is, the virus. Thus, symptomatic treatment relieves fever, uses various sprays and lozenges that will relieve sore throat and the like.

Bacterial laryngitis it is treated with antibiotics. In order to determine bacterial sore throats, it is necessary to do a throat swab that will show which bacterial cultures are involved. When it is established that it is a bacterial sore throat and the exact cause, your doctor will prescribe you antibiotics that he believes will successfully address the cause of the inflammation. In addition to antibiotics, symptomatic treatment will help lower fever and the like. Resting and resting will speed up recovery time as well as consuming foods rich in minerals and vitamins.

More Health news: Kidney disease – symptoms, cause and treatment

source: mayoclinic

What Causes a Sore Throat? HOME Remedies and Cures for Fast TREATMENT| Doctor Explains

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