Type 1 and 2 diabetes – do you know the differences?
Diabetes is one of the more common diseases that occurs in the population. As you know, this disease comes in two forms: type 1 diabetes and type 2. Do you know what the difference is? Do you even know what kind of disease it is? Below we will try to clarify all of the above. If you are afraid of suffering from diabetes, you should first know what kind of disease it is: it is a chronic disease that affects the way the body regulates sugar. In order for sugar to enter our cells and supply us with energy, insulin is crucial.
The just mentioned insulin is what distinguishes type 1 and type 1: people with type 1 diabetes do not produce insulin at all, while people with type 2 diabetes even produce a certain amount of insulin, however their body does not react to it. It is characteristic of both diseases that they lead to very high and constant blood sugar levels, if not treated in time.
Symptoms that distinguish type 1 and type 2 diabetes
To know if you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes, the best advice you can get about it is to visit your doctor. No text or advice can surpass the expertise of an expert. With this in mind, primarily of an informative nature, we will explain in more detail the differences in symptoms between these two types of disease. The first common symptoms of type 1 and type 2 should be mentioned, which include: frequent urination and a constant feeling of thirst, sudden bouts of fatigue, a feeling of hunger, and sometimes blurred vision.
People with type 1 diabetes may experience irritability and weight loss from time to time, while people with type 2 may feel stiffness and a feeling of insufficient circulation in their legs and arms. The key difference, however, is that the person who has diabetes type 2 will not experience symptoms for many years, and this type of disease develops slowly and is usually detected too late, when complications already occur.
What causes type 1 diabetes and what type 2 diabetes?
In order to fully understand this inconvenient disease, especially the differences between type 1 and 2 diabetes, it is worth considering the very cause of this disease. The cause of the development of type 1 diabetes is no less and no more than our own body. Although the human body is a perfect system that functions harmoniously and performs many processes to allow us to live as long as possible, sometimes the body can make a “mistake” and not behave in the best interest of us. Specifically, the immune system when it exists diabetes Type 1 begins to attack the beta cells in our body that are responsible for producing insulin in the pancreas. Once it destroys these cells, the body can no longer produce insulin.
In other words, the body starts attacking its own good cells in the body. On the other hand, in type 2 diabetes, the body has not attacked its own insulin-producing cells and such production continues. Type 2 diabetes, on the other hand, exists if there is insulin resistance, where the body cannot use that insulin effectively.
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